Trying to track CERN projects across thousands of global research systems, in 1989, Tim Berners-Lee sent a proposal to his managers for an information management system that used hypertext to link documents on different computers connected on the Internet.
The project wasn’t accepted, labelled as “vague but exciting”.
In 1990, Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau refined the idea before getting approval and eventually settled on the name WorldWideWeb.
By the year’s end, the key technologies were in place, such as HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), URLs (Uniform Resource Locators), a Web server software and a basic browser.
On August 6, 1991, the Web became publicly available when Berners-Lee published the first-ever website about WWW. The URL was http://info.cern.ch.
Berners-Lee rejected the call to patent his technology. He wanted the Web to be open and free; so it could expand and evolve.
In 1993 the first Web browser Mosaic was released. Then Yahoo (1994), Amazon (1995), eBay (1995), Google (1998), LinkedIn (2003) and Facebook (2004) followed.
Today there are about 1.9 billion websites.
Demand a better future,
Sally M Solaymantash